Currently Java is more popular than other programming languages. It is also a programming language widely used by developers to build desktop GUI applications, web applications, web services and mobile applications. But developers still need powerful frameworks, IDEs and development tools to write applications in Java quickly and efficiently. Each developer can also choose from many Java frameworks, IDEs and development tools based on their specific needs.
An overview of 10 commonly used Java frameworks, IDEs and development tools:
1) Spring MVC
Spring is one of the mature and popular Java Web frameworks in the market. In addition to supporting the Model View Controller (MVC) software development paradigm, Spring also simplifies common programming tasks such as database integration, web services creation, and security. Programmers can also choose to use Spring Boot to create Java web applications and deploy Java web applications without any complicated XML configuration. Spring Boot also has many production-ready features such as health checks, indicators and remote configuration. The latest version of the framework also comes with a command line tool that allows programmers to run Groovy scripts and use Spring to quickly prototype web applications.
2) JavaServer Faces Technology (JSF)
Oracle has developed JavaServer Faces technology (JSF) as the official Java EE web framework. The framework developed through the Java community process can help programmers quickly create server-side user interfaces. By separating the presentation layer from the application logic, users can quickly create websites. Developers can even use JavaServer Faces UI component tags to connect the application logic and presentation layer of the project without writing additional code. Community members also regularly provide new JavaServer Faces APIs to simplify the Java web application development process.
Vaadin makes it easier for programmers to write server-side components of single-page web applications in Java. Developers can also use Vaadin to develop a web interface with HTML. They can further take advantage of the powerful Vaadin elements, which contain various custom HTML elements for business applications. They can even extend the Google Polymer library with components such as charts, data grids, and combo boxes. Vaadin Pro’s tools further help developers make their web applications more interactive and mobile-friendly, while significantly reducing coding time.
4) Google Web Toolkit (GWT)
Grails is a version of the Ruby on Rails for Java platform written in the Groovy programming language. Programmers can seamlessly integrate Grails with the Java Virtual Machine (JVM). They can also choose to extend and improve the framework by creating custom plugins or using existing plugins. At the same time, they can also take advantage of some advanced features provided by the framework, including NoSQL support, integrated ORM, asynchronous programming, and compile-time meta-programming. Users can also use domain-specific language to implement queries, authentication, and markup presentations.
6) Play frame
Apart from being an MVC web framework, Play also has features to simplify web services development. The framework also supports a variety of JVM-based programming languages, including Java and Scala. Features such as stateless services and asynchronous I / O make Play different from other Java web frameworks. Users can further use the framework’s code refresh feature to instantly check the impact of changes to the code without having to rebuild or restart the entire project. By playing further, programmers can take advantage of various plugins, testing tools and IDEs while helping developers build scalable web applications.
7) Drop wizard
As a modern lightweight framework, Dropwizard helps developers build and implement Java-w ammers to monitor and assess the behavior of the code in production environment using Metric libraries.
The open source IDE is written in Java, and designed with features to simplify development of a variety of Java applications. It supports major platforms like Windows, Linux and OS X. The users can easily customize Eclipse according to their specific needs by using a wide range of plug-ins and extensions. They can even avail a set of useful features provided by Eclipse including Windows Builder, XML Editors and Tools, Maven Integration, Git Team Provider, Mylyn Task List, and Code Recommenders Developer Tools.
The open source IDE is written in Java, and enables developers to build desktop, web and mobile apps with Java. In addition to being cross-platform, NetBeans also supports an array of programming languages in addition to Java. The users can further build a variety of Java applications efficiently by availing the robust features provide by NetBeans including quick and smart code editing, GUI development tools, static analysis tools, debugger and profiler. Also, NetBeans make it easier for programmers to update their existing applications to Java 8.
Despite being a lightweight IDE, JSource comes with features to facilitate cross-platform application development with Java. It is also developed fully with Swing component. JSource is also designed with features to help programmers to create, edit, compile and run a variety of Java files efficiently. However, it supports syntax highlighting for several programming languages in addition to Java. The Java programmers also have option to integrate JSource with other widely used Java frameworks and development tools.